Saturday, May 23, 2020

Why Learning Fractions Is so Important

It seems that many teachers will agree that teaching fractions can be complex and confusing, but that understanding fractions is a necessary skill for students to have as they get older. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution addresses how math is being taught in a recent article titled, Are we forcing too many students to take high-level math theyll never use? The author, Maureen Downey, notes that as a nation, we keep raising the bar for our students math performance, and observes that despite these high-level courses, many students are struggling with the complex teachings. Some teachers argue that schools may be advancing students too quickly, and they arent truly mastering basic skills like fractions. While some higher-level math courses are only crucial for certain industries, basic mathematical skills like understanding fractions, are crucial for everyone to master. From cooking and carpentry to sports and sewing, we cant escape fractions in our daily lives. Fractions Can Be Hard to Learn This isnt a new topic of discussion. In fact, in 2013, an article in the Wall Street Journal talked about what parents and teachers already know when it comes to math—fractions are hard for many students to learn. In fact, the article cites statistics that half of eighth graders can’t put three fractions in order of size. As many students struggle to learn fractions, which usually are taught in third or fourth grade, the government is actually funding research into how to help kids learn fractions. Instead of using rote methods to teach fractions or relying on old techniques such as pie charts, the newer methods of teaching fractions use techniques to help kids really understand what fractions mean through number lines or models. For example, the educational company, Brain Pop, offers animated lessons and homework help to aid kids in understanding concepts in math and in other subjects. Their Battleship Numberline allows kids to bomb a battleship using fractions between 0 and 1, and after students play this game, their teachers have found that the students intuitive knowledge of fractions increases. Other techniques to teach fractions include cutting paper into thirds or sevenths to see which fraction is bigger and what denominators mean. Other approaches include using new terms for words such as â€Å"denominator† such as â€Å"the name of the fraction,† so students understand why they can’t add or subtract fractions with different denominators. Using number lines helps kids compare different fractions—something that is hard for them to do with traditional pie charts, in which a pie divided into pieces. For example, a pie divided into sixths can look a lot like a pie divided into sevenths. In addition, the newer approaches emphasize understanding how to compare fractions before students go on to learn procedures such as adding, subtracting, dividing, and multiplying fractions. In fact, according to the Wall Street Journal article, placing fractions on a number line in the correct order in third grade is a more important predictor of fourth-grade math performance than calculation skills or even the ability to pay attention. In addition, studies show that a student’s ability to understand fractions in fifth grade is also a predictor of long-term math achievement in high school, even after controlling for IQ, reading ability, and other variables. In fact, some experts regard the understanding of fractions as the d oor to later math learning, and as the foundation of more advanced math and science classes such as algebra, geometry, statistics, chemistry, and physics. The Importance of Understanding Fractions in Early Grades Math concepts such as fractions that students do not master in the early grades can go on to confuse them later on and to cause them a great deal of math anxiety. The new research shows that students need to intuitively understand concepts rather than just to memorize language or symbols, as such rote memorization does not lead to long-term understanding. Many math teachers do not realize that the language of math can be confusing to students and that students must understand the concepts behind the language. Students who attend public schools now must learn to divide and multiply fractions by fifth grade, according to federal guidelines known as the Common Core Standards that are followed in most states. Studies have shown that public schools outperform private schools in math, partly because public school math teachers are more likely to know and follow the latest research related to teaching math. Even though most private school students do not need to demonstrate mastery of Common Core Standards, private school math teachers can also use new techniques to teach students fractions, thereby opening the door to later math learning.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Corruption Of Imperialism In Joseph Conrads Heart Of...

It can be said that we as humans have the potential for both good and evil, and that perhaps one trait will prevail over the other when placed in a certain situation. When a person is placed in an unfamiliar and unforgiving setting, they may be introduced to corruption that is present in this situation, possibly causing them to act in a corrupt manner. However, some individuals may maintain their integrity in corrupt situations, and therefore not become corrupt themselves. Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad relates to both the idea that an individual can become corrupt in a corrupt environment, and that some individuals can uphold their integrity in a corrupt situation. Both of these reactions can be seen in the main characters of Heart of†¦show more content†¦The symbolism of the ivory further shows how Kurtz has become corrupt, in that his â€Å"outer appearance† is that of civility and morality, whereas his â€Å"inner appearance† is that of corruption and g reed. In addition to Kurtz greed, it can be said that he has become corrupt in that he uses violent means in order to satisfy his greed for ivory. Kurtz’ violent actions can be seen when Marlow describes the dissevered heads in front of Kurtz’ quarters as â€Å"symbolic† rather than â€Å"ornamental†(133). This description of the heads shows the extent to which Kurtz is willing to go in order to obtain ivory and fuel his greed. The symbolism of the heads is once again important in that they are described as â€Å"dark†and having â€Å"shrunken dry lips†. When these descriptions are in connection to Kurtz, it can be interpreted that the darkness is representative of Kurtzs corruption, as dark colours are normally associated with corruption and evil, and the dryness of their lips can be seen as relating to the meaninglessness of Kurtz’s eloquent words in relation to his uncivil actions. However, despite obvious signs of corruption in K urtz, there are still some aspects of him that can be seen as showing integrity. The most prominent example of this is his ability to be truthful about the darkness and corruption in the Congo when most of the other imperialists cannot. His ability to tell theShow MoreRelatedEssay on Hearts of Darkness: Post Colonialism850 Words   |  4 PagesWrite a critique of Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness, based on your reading about post-colonialism and discussing Conrads view of African culture as other. What would someone from Africa think about this work? Heart of Darkness starts out in London and also ends there as well. Most of the story takes place in the Congo which is now known as the Republic of the Congo. Heart of Darkness was essentially a transitional novel between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During the nineteenthRead MoreEssay about Heart of Darkness1745 Words   |  7 Pagesin depth review of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, a classical novella that illustrates without bias the motives behind human intentions and the extremes individuals can go to achieve wealth and profits at the expense of others with the aim of shedding insight into the rise of European imperialism, the imperial history, its politics and evil activities in the colonized African tribes along the river Congo during the eighteenth and nineteenth century. The Heart of Darkness is an exceptionallyRead MoreEssay Prejudice, Racism and Power in Heart of Darkness977 Words   |  4 PagesRace and Power in Heart of Darkness      Ã‚   In Joseph Conrads novella, Heart of Darkness, the socially constructed differences of African and European cultures are effective in representing the power sites of the time. The alleged `superiority of the European culture can be recognized by comparing their ideologies to those of the primitive, `inferior `savages. Conrads personal experiences in the Belgian Congo, in the 1890s, influenced the compilation of Heart of Darkness, reflecting theRead MoreRacial Implications in Heart of Darkness619 Words   |  2 PagesRacial Implications in Heart of Darkness The plot of the novella Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad centers around a seafarer named Marlow and his journey up the Congo River and his exploits there during a time of imperialism. Once Marlow joins the Company as a captain for a ship heading to the Congo to trade, he encounters instances of oppression of the African natives by members of the Company. This character narrates the majority of the novel and often takes on the role of a passive observer,Read More Heart of Darkness Versus Apocalypse Now: The Death of Kurtz Essay816 Words   |  4 PagesHeart of Darkness Versus Apocalypse Now: The Death of Kurtz Joseph Conrad wrote Heart of Darkness to disguise his disapproval of European imperialism in the Congo. He describes the chaos and savagery found in the Congo to convince Europeans that they should stay out of Africa. Francis Ford Coppola made Apocalypse Now to disguise his disapproval of American involvement in Vietnam. He depicts the merciless slaughter of countless Vietnamese to show Americans that the United States does more harmRead MorePower Corruption in Heart of Darkness Essay689 Words   |  3 PagesIn Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, the author fiercely challenges imperialism. Through this challenge, he demonstrates the internal battles of good and evil. In his work, he also displays issues of personal morals and alienation. At the time the novella was written, Europe had established territories across the map. It holds true that power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely, especially when said power reigns over the fate of humans in society. Conrad illustrates the corruption ofRead MoreImagery, Symbolism and Motif in Heart of Darkness1053 Words   |  5 PagesIn this extract taken from the Novella, Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad explores many elements. Conrad uses a framing narrative; Marlow’s narrative is framed by another narrative, in which the reader listens to Marlow’s story told through one of those listening. The narrator remains unnamed as do the other listeners. The narration is told in the first-person plural, letting the reader know what each of the four listeners are thinking and feeling. It could be interpreted that the anonymity of theRead MoreHeart of Darkness vs. Apocalypse Now Essay816 Words   |  4 Pages In Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now, both Joseph Conrad and Francis Ford Coppola create similar statements through their creations as they both centralize their views upon the effects of environmental changes that affect the human condition. The film Apocalypse Now vaguely refle cts a similar message pursued by Conrad’s novella, due to the difference in time period, place setting, and circumstances in which the film was created. Conrad wrote his novella during British colonization, focusingRead MoreTheme Of Imperialism In Heart Of Darkness1052 Words   |  5 Pagessubgroups. This imperialistic way of thinking is is beneath the surface all throughout Joseph Conrad’s book, Heart of Darkness. The book is centered around a sailor named Marlow, who is sailing up the Congo river to transport ivory. Conrad shows the readers the exploitation of the natives by the Europeans for their ivory through the eyes of Marlow. The novel reaffirms Marxism through its ideas of imperialism. Imperialism is a theme throughout the entire book. Conrad kept this theme by portraying it throughRead MoreThe Journey In â€Å"Heart Of Darkness† Spans Not Only The Capricious1222 Words   |  5 PagesThe journey in â€Å"Heart of Darkness† spans not only the capricious waters extending our physical world, but also the perplexing ocean which exists in the heart of man. Through Marlow s somewhat overenthusiastic eyes, we perceive the mystery that is humanity, and the blurred line between darkness and light. It is an expedition into the deepest crevices of the human heart and mind bringing on an awareness, and finally descending into the abyss of hell abiding in each of us. Conrad’s use of wordplay

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Plato s Perspective On Knowledge - 1110 Words

Plato’s Perspective on Knowledge Epistemology is the field of philosophy that deals with the nature, scope and origin of knowledge. It looks at how all forms of knowledge including what human beings claim to know and what they think they know, are derived. Many philosophers have contributed to the discussion of the origin of knowledge with various perspectives being applied. Some of the major views on epistemology are innate versus acquired knowledge as well as the rationalist and empiricist perspectives of reason and experience respectively. Plato’s stand on the origin of knowledge can be found in the detailed Theaetetus. These were Plato’s writings that covered his views and beliefs in the issue of epistemology. Some of his views on the†¦show more content†¦He discovers that the theory being employed in this definition is that of Protagoras whose view is that human beings are the measure of all things. The view is the human ability to identify appearance with that which is considered to be r eality. In this respect, knowledge seems as a private issue to the owner of the knowledge. This is to mean that what appears to an individual is only to that individual. The theory is therefore, identified as the interaction between two major elements which include a stimulus and sensory response to the stimulus. Thus, the stimuli that exist around can be described as objectively real. However, since each individual’s senses are private, the results of stimuli are private knowledge. After much criticism, Socrates refutes Theaetetus definition that knowledge is perception. Socrates brings up another element of knowledge which is the involvement of the mind in the interpretation of information derived from sensation. While sense simply collects raw data, the data must be transferred to the mind for further interpretation against the standards of already existing information. For example, when one takes a bite of an apple, the tongue collects the raw data that cannot resemble knowledge until it is interpreted by the mind. Due to this new revelation about knowledge and the mind, Plato’s definition of knowledge becomes true judgment. This is to mean that knowledge

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Exercise On Youth With Type 2 Diabetes

The Effects of Exercise on Youth with Type 2 Diabetes Missouri State University HLH 752 Introduction Background What was once thought to be found only among adults has become one of the most common chronic diseases among children in the United States. Ordinarily, when diabetes strikes during childhood it is assumed to be type 1. The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study began in 2000 and has provided the most comprehensive estimates of the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes among youth less than 20 years of age in the US (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that annually, an estimated 18,436 youth are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, and 5,089 youth are diagnosed with type 2 among youth. In the last two decades, type 2 diabetes, has been reported among U.S. children and adolescents with increasing frequency. Disease researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention made the prediction that one in three children born in the United States in 2000 will likely develop type 2 diabetes sometime in their lifetime unless th ey get more exercise and improve their diets, particularly for Latino children (CDC, 2014). Without changes in diet and exercise, their odds of developing diabetes as they grow older was about 50-50. Etiology Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body s ability to use the energy found in food. There areShow MoreRelatedChildren And Type 2 Diabetes1533 Words   |  7 PagesChildren and Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported with increased frequency over the last twenty years in adolescents and children in the United States. As a result of T2DM glucose metabolism within the body of affected adolescents and children is severely compromised. Formerly known as adult onset and/or insulin resistant diabetes T2DM occurs due to the cell inability to properly use insulin which then results in lowered secretion of insulin as well as insulin resistanceRead MoreLeading Causes of Diabetis Essay1174 Words   |  5 PagesType II diabetes is a serious problem that has been increasing over the years. The CDC predicts that by the year 2050 one in every three US adults could have diabetes. Type II diabetes, happens when the body gradually loses its ability to use or produce insulin, this is the leading cause of cases of diabetes. A person with diabetes has a lot of risk factors that come with this disease. Patients with diabetes have a two to four time greater chance of having a stroke and also having a heart diseaseRead MoreHigh Incidence Of Early Onset Type 2 Diabetes1613 Words   |  7 PagesThe High Incidence of Early-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Introduction Diabetes is a metabolic body condition in which the pancreas is unable to secrete enough insulin, hence leading to increased levels of blood sugar. Age, genetics, weight and ethnicity are the four main risk factors of Type 2 diabetes. Common symptoms include frequent urination, persistent fatigue, slow healing process for cuts and wounds and blurred vision. Type 2 diabetes affects 1 out of 10 people in America, as research has concludedRead MoreHow The Health Issue Affects The Body s Ability1639 Words   |  7 PagesType your single-spaced responses (11 point font) to the following questions in the space provided. Do not exceed the space provided. Handwritten responses will not be accepted. Your final worksheet should not exceed 5 pages. In addition to bringing a hard copy to discussion, upload an electronic copy to the ICON drop box by your discussion session time. 1. Introduction. Describe the health issue. Describe how the health issue affects the body’s ability to function properly. The health issue thatRead MoreThe Effect Of Sleep On Hemoglobin Glucose Levels Among Children And Teens1287 Words   |  6 Pages1. INTRODUCTION TO TOPIC Recent trends show that people are getting diagnosed with type II diabetes earlier. The rate of type II diabetes in the U.S.A increased by 217% in the 0-44 year old age group between 1990 and 2009 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Several factors increase the risk of developing type II diabetes, including diet, exercise, genetics, and sleep. Less knowingly, prolonged lack of sleep severely damages humans’ health. Sleep and one’s circadian rhythm contribute toRead MoreOverweight, and Obesity are Results of Calorie Imbalance779 Words   |  3 Pagessuccessfully lose body fat it requires one to exercise daily and follow proper calorie restrictions. Childhood obesity is on the rise and continuing to grow; however it can be stopped. (Medicine Net) Consequences or problems with obesity can be immediate health effects as well as long term effects. Obese youth are most likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as hypertension and high cholesterol. Long term high cholesterol can leave bad effects on a child’s arteries and could remainRead MoreRecommendation Report On Children With Diabetes1719 Words   |  7 Pageschildren with diabetes. Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases of any childhood. In today’s society there are children fighting this disease in their everyday life’s and as society, we do have control to decrease this disease with the right knowledge. Parents, school, communities and the health care systems must work together to provide information to direct them to what this disease is and why it’s occurring in more in children’s life in an everyday basis. â€Å"Diabetes is a problem withRead MoreA Study On The Chicano Theater1223 Words   |  5 Pag eswe are given or can contend to. Obesity is highest among the Hispanic population than any other ethnicity. The food is part of the problem; our â€Å"modern† lifestyle plays a very important role. The problem is tightly woven into our society and its effects are truly menacing, but the solution requires a complete reassessment of ourselves as an ethnicity, but as a people. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in all age groups is as a threat to health as well as an economic burden. These individualRead MoreChildhood Obesity Research Essay750 Words   |  3 Pagesinvolved with your children, and encouraging them to exercise will reduce their risk. There are multiple causes of obesity in children, some are things they can’t help; such as genetics, or their families having a low income. Others, are lifestyle habits that, with a little time and effort, can be changed. Genetic characteristics are passed from parent to child, and many of them can lead to weight gain. Maybe the child was born with diabetes, or perhaps a slow metabolism. Obesity is more commonRead MoreA Study On The State Of The United States1032 Words   |  5 Pageseating, and not enough physical exercise has led to a substantial increase in diabetes, making it the number seventh leading cause of death (American Diabetes Association, 2014, p. Diabetes Basics). Diabetes also called diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood (Google, What is Diabetes). There is three type of diabetes, Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 1 is mostly se en in juvenile

Huckleberry Finn Best Intentions Free Essays

Best Intentions? Can people’s best intentions be good enough for you? Is right for people to try to chose your path for you? In the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, the main character Huck goes through a long journey, using his experience to mature and grow as a person. Huck travels with the African American former slave Jim all over the Mississippi river in hope to get to a anti-slavery state, but they go through a lot of problems heading the wrong way and deeper into the southern states. Throughout the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, there are characters who have the best intention to help Huck but it is not the best thing for him. We will write a custom essay sample on Huckleberry Finn Best Intentions or any similar topic only for you Order Now The widow tries to â€Å"sivilize† Huck, the new judge tries to improve Pap’s moral condition to better him for Huck, and the Phelps family tells Huck to â€Å"do the right thing† and return Jim to his owners. There are characters who have the best intentions for Huck but they are not the best thing for him. The widow wants to â€Å"sivilize† Huck, and she wants to teach him manners under a very religious view. Huck says, â€Å"The widow rung a bell for super, and you had to come to time. When you got to the table you couldn’t go right to eating, but you had to wait for the widow to tuck her head and grumble a little over the victuals, though there warn’t really anything the matter with them† (p. 1-2). The widow makes Huck come on time to eat supper and he has to wait after she says grace for the food they are about to eat. The widow tries to make Huck let go of bad habits, so he can fit into civilization. Huck says, â€Å"Pretty soon I wanted to smoke, and asked the widow to let me. But she wouldn’t. She said it was a mean practice and wasn’t clean, and I must try to not do it anymore† (p. 2). The widow tells Huck that he shouldn’t smoke anymore because its a bad thing. The widow tries to â€Å"sivilize† Huck in a religious way and also by telling what is wrong and right. There are characters in the novel who have good intentions to help Huck but it isn’t the best thing for him. The new judge in town tries to fix Pap’s moral condition so he could be a better father to Huck. Huck says, â€Å"the new judge said he was going to make a man of him. So he took him to his own house, and dressed him up clean and nice, and had him to breakfast and dinner and supper with the family, and was just old pie to him, so to speak† (p. 6). The new judge didn’t know who Pap was at first and he decided to take him in, in order to make him a better man and to be ok with himself so he can be a better father to Huck. But that back fired on the judge, Pap just ended up back in the street and drinking once again. Huck says, â€Å"they tucked the old man i nto a beautiful room, which was the spare room, and in the night sometime he got powerful thirsty and clumb out into the porch-roof and slid down a stanchion and a good old time; and towards daylight he crawled out again, drunk as a fiddler† (p. 7). Pap sneaked out of the house just to go get drunk and would sneak back in. The new judge wanted to change Pap’s moral ways and he wanted Pap to improve in order to be a better person and a better father, but it did not work out. There are characters who try to do the best things for Huck but they never really are what he needs. Aunt Sally keeps Jim away from Huck. Aunt Sally says, â€Å"the runaway nigger†¦ they’ve got him back, safe and sound, and he’s in that cabin again, on bread and water, and loaded down with chains, till he is claimed or sold! (p. 217). Huck tries to steal Jim back from Aunt Sally but she captures him again and keeps him. Aunt Sally wants to adopt Huck in order to â€Å"sivilizeâ⠂¬  him. Huck says, â€Å"I reckon I got to light out for the Territory ahead of the rest, because Aunt Sally she’s going to adopt me and sivilze me and I can’t stand it. I been there before† (p. 220). Huck doesn’t want to be civilized, he went through a lot and experienced that civilization is just not good for him, so he can’t stand it. Huck is kept away from Jim when Jim is captured by Aunt Sally which makes it difficult for Huck to be on his own and Huck doesn’t want to get adopted by Aunt Sally. Throughout the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, there are characters who have the best intention to help Huck but it is not the best thing for him. The widow tries to â€Å"sivilize† Huck, the new judge tries to improve Pap’s moral condition to better him for Huck, and Aunt Sally keeps Jim away from Huck and she wants to adopt Huck. But none of those characters intentions helped or worked for Huck. It was up to Huck to chose his own path. How to cite Huckleberry Finn Best Intentions, Papers

Learning Experience in Global Project †

Question: Discuss about the Learning Experience in Global Project. Answer: Effectiveness and Usefulness of the Learning Experience Opinion about the learning experience The learning experience from the research work that I undertook proved to be very helpful for me during the research process as well as it will contribute a lot in my upcoming professional life.Global project management is one of the crucial topics in todays business environment and helps the companies in interacting with their global partners easily. As the global project management is of global sphere, the project that is undertaken is huge and includes a lot of criticalities (Binder, 2017). Thus, the research is that was undertaken was also huge and provided me the opportunities to investigate about challenges in global project management. Value of the experience The experience that I received from this research was of great value to me as it helped me to learn a lot of minute things involved in managing the challenges involved in globalproject management. Projectmanagement involves various issues and there are many opportunities available that helps in overcoming these challenges. Thus, the research helped me to realize those opportunities which allowed me to solve the issues in project management (Gemnden, 2015). Thus, such learning will be beneficial for me in near future in my course and after completion of my course. This is because project management is a process that is required in almost all the companies that operates globally. Usefulness of the Learning Experience Project management is a topic that is very useful for me in various ways. Presently as I am involved in project management course, the research will help me in managing the course easily. This is because I got to learn a lot of things from the research which means that it will help me in understanding things in the class easily. Moreover, the research will also be useful in future because I got to learn every crucial thing that one needs to handle while working in the real world scenario. Ways in which the Learning Experience serve in course, program and future career The ways to Transfer the Knowledge in the Future The crucial and small things that I learnt from my research work will be used to transfer in the future. This will happen when I will use my knowledge I gathered from the research in my future career. The first place where I will use the knowledge form the research is in the course as I got to learn many things which I can apply during my exam even without studying much. After the course I will pursue my career as a project manager in a company that operates globally (Geppert, Matten Williams, 2016). During my employment I will help the company in recognizing the challenges in project management and the ways they can overcome it. What happened in the Learning Process? What you did, read and hear? The research that I took in project management undertook a lot of research in this matter. During the research I analyzed and read various past literatures on the topic of project management. I learnt a lot from the literature review as I saw that there are many writers that stated the way globalization has increased over the years and laid its impact on managing the project of the company. During the research I read many journals and news articles about the criticality of project management and the recent problems companies are facing related to this (Gholami Murugesan, 2013). However, the research also undertook collecting data from the primary sources in which a sample size of 51 was chosen as the respondents. Thus, overall the project was of great learning to me as I got to research and find new things. Evaluate and make Judgments connected to the observations in the Business Research Usefulness of Business Research on the Research Learning Process From the research I got to learn that project management is of great importance and useful for the business. This is because project management forms a crucial part of a company that is operating globally and undertakes many projects under them. Knowing the challenges that global project management face is the biggest research a business will take in order to use the opportunity in their operations. Understanding project management is the best way a company can manage global projects easily. Learning process Reason behind doing particular activities The learning process that I undertook for knowing the challenges involved in project management is literature review and analyzing the suggestions given in past literature. Many pat authors have stated in their journals the growth of globalization and the rising need of understanding ways to manage projects. Literature review was selected as a process to gather data because these scholars has great experience in the field and used extensive research to reach a conclusion. Thus it was appropriate to use such experiences in knowing the actual opportunity and challenges the process of project management faces (Kerzner, 2013). Another activity that I took in the research is collecting primary data from companies that are involved in project management with their global partners. This is because primary data is much authentic and is collected from day to day experiences. How the learning process apply to the future The learning process is also helpful for me in future because the secondary and primary research method that I learnt will help me in taking up any future research easily. The secondary research that I undertook helped me I knowing the method of taking up literature research. Thus, I can use similar research activity in any other research that involves secondary data collection. On the other hand, the method that I undertook during the primary research such as survey method will also help me in designing pattern of primary research in the near future. Thus the process of learning that undertook not only helped me in getting the result about the challenges of global project management, it also had an long term impact on my future and on my career. References Binder, J. (2017). Global project management: Communication, collaboration and management across borders. Aldershot, UK: Gower Gemnden, H.G., (2015). Success Factors of Global New Product Development Programs, the Definition of Project Success, Knowledge Sharing, and Special Issues of Project Management Journal.Project Management Journal,46(1), 2-11. Geppert, M., Matten, D. Williams, K. eds., (2016).Challenges for European management in a global context: Experiences from Britain and Germany. Springer. Gholami, B. Murugesan, S., (2013). Global IT Project Management Using Web 2.0. InPerspectives and Techniques for Improving Information Technology Project Management (150-172). IGI Global. Kerzner, H., (2013).Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley Sons.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Keeping animal in the zoos free essay sample

Zoos argue that they save endangered species and educate the public, but animal rights activists believe the costs outweigh the benefits, and the violation of the rights of the individual animals is unjustifiable. Roadside zoos, petting zoos, and smaller animal exhibitors tend to keep the animals in smaller pens or cages. Sometimes, barren concrete and metal bars are all a tiger or bear will know for their entire lives. Larger, accredited zoos try to distance themselves from these operations by touting how well the animals are treated, but to animal rights activists, the issue not how well the animals are treated, but whether we have a right to confine them for our amusement or education. Arguments For Zoos †¢By bringing people and animals together, zoos educate the public and foster an appreciation of the animals. This exposure and education motivates people to protect the animals. †¢Zoos save endangered species by bringing them into a safe environment, where they are protected from poachers, habitat loss, starvation and predators. †¢Many zoos also have breeding programs for endangered species. In the wild, these individuals might have trouble finding mates and breeding. †¢Reputable zoos are accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and are held to high standards for the treatment of the animals. According to the AZA, accreditation means, official recognition and approval of a zoo or aquarium by a group of experts. †¢A good zoo provides an enriched habitat in which the animals are never bored, are well cared-for, and have plenty of space. †¢Zoos are a tradition, and a visit to a zoo is a wholesome, family activity. †¢Seeing an animal in person is a much more personal and more memorable experience than seeing that animal in a nature documentary. †¢Some would argue that humans have little, if any duty to non-human animals because humans are more important, and if keeping animals in zoos serves any educational or entertainment purposes, we can ethically do it. †¢Zoos help rehabilitate wildlife and take in exotic pets that people no longer want or are no longer able to care for. †¢Both accredited and unaccredited animal exhibitors are regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act, which establishes standards for care. Arguments Against Zoos †¢From an animal rights standpoint, we do not have a right to breed, capture and confine other animals, even if they are endangered. Being a member of an endangered species doesnt mean the individual animals have fewer rights. †¢Animals in captivity suffer from stress, boredom and confinement. Intergenerational bonds are broken when individuals get sold or traded to other zoos, and no pen or even drive-through safari can compare to the freedom of the wild. †¢Baby animals bring in visitors and money, but this incentive to breed new baby animals leads to overpopulation. Surplus animals are sold not only to other zoos, but also to circuses, canned hunting facilities, and even for slaughter. †¢The vast majority of captive breeding programs do not release animals back into the wild. The offspring are forever part of the chain of zoos, circuses, petting zoos, and exotic pet trade that buy, sell and barter animals among themselves and exploit animals. Ned the Asian elephant was born at an accredited zoo, but later confiscated from an abusive circus trainer and finally sent to a sanctuary. †¢Removing individuals from the wild will further endanger the wild population because the remaining individuals will be less genetically diverse and will have more difficulty finding mates. †¢If people want to see wild animals in real life, they can observe wildlife in the wild or visit a sanctuary. A true sanctuary does not buy, sell, or breed animals, but takes in unwanted exotic pets, surplus animals from zoos or injured wildlife that can no longer survive in the wild. †¢An individuals rights should not be infringed for the sake of the species. A species is not a sentient being and therefore has no rights. †¢If zoos are teaching children anything, its that imprisoning animals for our own entertainment is acceptable. †¢At least one study has shown that elephants kept in zoos do not live as long as elephants in the wild. †¢The federal Animal Welfare Act establishes only the most minimal standards for cage size, shelter, health care, ventilation, fencing, food and water. For example, enclosures must provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and social adjustments with adequate freedom of movement. Inadequate space may be indicated by evidence of malnutrition, poor condition, debility, stress, or abnormal behavior patterns. Violations often result in a slap on the wrist and the exhibitor is given a deadline to correct the violation. Even a long history of inadequate care and AWA violations, such as the history of Tony the Truck Stop Tiger, will not free the animals. †¢Sanctuaries also rehabilitate wildlife and take in unwanted exotic pets, without breeding, buying and selling animals like zoos do. †¢Animals sometimes escape their enclosures, endangering themselves as well as people. There have even been incidents of zoo animals eating other zoo animals. In the case of zoos, both sides will argue that their side saves animals. Zoo proponents do not believe in animal rights, so many of the arguments against zoos are not persuasive to them, while other arguments may seem to apply only to inferior zoos, such as roadside zoos and petting zoos.